MAP测试| 语言运用高频考点: 主谓一致

SUSU老师为大家讲解MAP语言运用中的高频考点: 主谓一致。希望大家可以从中学习到该部分内容的解题思路。

MAP语言运用

 测试概况:

年级:K-12年级
时间:约60分钟

题目:约52题

题型:选择题、填空题、匹配题等

测试内容:

  • Mechanics:Punctuation usage.

    语言结构:标点符号的使用。

  • Grammar:comprehension of word forms and tenses, sentence structures, phrases and clauses, and accurate spelling.

    语法:理解单词的形式和时态,句子结构,短语和从句以及准确的拼写。

  • Writing strategy:prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing.

    写作策略:预写,起草,修改和编辑。

  • The writing application:Understand various composition forms,such as poetry, personal narratives, and expository compositions.

    写作应用:了解各类文体形式,例如诗歌,个人叙事和说明文。

接触过MAP Language Usage考试的学生都知道,在语言运用这门考试中,对语法的考察占据了重要的地位,而在语法相关的考题中,对于Subject-verb agreement 主谓一致这个知识点的掌握可以说是解题的关键。接下来,我们一起来学习一下这个至关重要的知识点

 

主 谓 一 致 

Subject-verb agreement 

 

  • l Subject-verb agreement means verbs must agree in number with the subject of the sentence.If the subject is singular, then use a singular verb. If the subject is plural, use a plural verb.

    主谓一致是指动词必须在数上与句子的主语一致。如果主语是单数,动词也要用单数。如果主语是复数,则使用复数动词。举个例子:

    eg: The apple tastes good.

    The apples taste good.

    The flower is beautiful.

    The flowers are beautiful. 

  • l If the subject is a compound subject, two subjects connected by the word and, then a plural verb is needed.

    如果主语是复合主语,两个主语用单词and连接,则需要一个复数动词。例如:

    eg: Tyler and Inez bake pies.  Tyler bakes pies. 

  • l If the subject is a compound subject connected by the words or or nor, then the verb will agree with the subject that is closer to the verb.

    如果主语是由or 或 nor词连接的复合主语,那么动词与更靠近动词的主语保持一致。例如:

    eg: Neither Tyler nor Inez likes blueberry pie. (Inez likes)

    Either Tyler or his brothers like banana cream pie? (brothers like)

  • l If the subject and the verb are separated by a word or words, be sure that the verb still agrees with the subject. 

    如果主语和动词用一个或多个单词隔开,要确保动词和主语保持一致。如:

    eg: Inez as well as her sisters works at the bakery. (Inez works)

真题一:

1.Which sentence is grammatically correct?

A. The dogs was barking all night so I couldn’t sleep.

B. He always feel tired after eating a big lunch.

C. It seem hard to learn to speak a new language.

D. I usually become sick during cruises on the sea.

正确答案:D

解析:此题考察语法,要求选出语法正确的句子,我们仍然就着“主谓一致”这个考察点来解题。A选项主语dogs复数,谓语动词was单数,语法错误;B选项主语he第三人称,谓语动词feel不是单数形式,不一致;C选项主语it谓语动词seem不一致;D选项主语I,谓语动词become,主谓一致,故此题语法正确为D。

真题二:

2. Which of the following sentences is not grammatically correct?

A.Either a fathead or a Phillips-head screwdriver can be used to assemble the table.    

B. Neither checks nor credit cards are accepted by the corner store.     

C. Neither Oklahoma nor Arkansas borders the Gulf of Mexico.     

D. Either Ron or Sue know how to get home from here.

正确答案:D

解析:此题考察语法,要选出语法错误的句子。分析A,B,C,D四个选项不难看出考点设在了由either…or/neither…nor…构成的复合主语时,谓语动词与更靠近动词的主语保持一致(就近原则)。就此我们很容易判断出,A和B选项正确;C选项距离动词更近的主语是Arkansas,这时我们很容易被这个单词误导为是复数,然而,我们仔细看这个Arkansas这个单词,首字母大写,说明是专有名词,并不是复数,因此C选项也是正确的;接下来看D选项的句子,距离动词know更近的主语是Sue,为单数,但是动词know并不是单数形式,因此错误。故此题正确答案为D.

后期小橙也将会和教研团队的老师们,继续为各位梳理MAP测试相关的内容,让学生更清楚的认识到自身的知识盲点,能够有效的掌握知识点。

MAP测试| 语言运用高频考点: 主谓一致
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