MAP测试|语言运用高频考点: 关系代词(2)

上一篇中,我们讲了who、whom、whose这三个关系代词的用法,而今天教研团队的Chloe老师则接着往下讲,带大家了解that和which的用法

MAP语言运用

测试概况:

年级:K-12年级
时间:约60分钟

题目:约52题

题型:选择题、填空题、匹配题等

测试内容:

  • Mechanics:Punctuation usage.

    语言结构:标点符号的使用。

  • Grammar:comprehension of word forms and tenses, sentence structures, phrases and clauses, and accurate spelling.

    语法:理解单词的形式和时态,句子结构,短语和从句以及准确的拼写。

  • Writing strategy:prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing.

    写作策略:预写,起草,修改和编辑。

  • The writing application:Understand various composition forms,such as poetry, personal narratives, and expository compositions.

    写作应用:了解各类文体形式,例如诗歌,个人叙事和说明文。

书接上回,咱们继续啃关系代词(Relative pronouns)这个难啃的骨头吧~

 第三组:that和which

La La Land is a movie which/that is popular in China.

先行词which或者that指物,在从句中充当主语

La La Land is a movie (which/that) a lot of Chinese teenagers like.

先行词which或者that指物,在从句中充当宾语(可省略)

Ryan Gosling is a famous actor (that) a lot of people like.

先行词that指人,在从句中充当宾语(可省略)

归纳总结

-which 指物,在从句中充当主语或者宾语(可省略)

– that指人或者指物,在从句中充当主语或者宾语(可省略)

看到这里的童靴,是不是顿时有些凌乱,学了后面,忘记前面,莫慌!Chloe老师已经贴心的给大家准备好了必杀技——归纳表,所谓一表在手,万事不愁。

卷完第一波,准备好一鼓作气卷完关系代词第二波用法了吗?

我们还是先来观察一下两个句子

People who take physical exercise live longer.

His daughter , who is in Boston now,is coming home next week.

聪明的你,发现了吗?两个句子都有先行词和关系代词who, 第二个句子多了逗号

没错,就像大家在学校有学名(姑且叫李华),在家有小名(姑且叫李鸭蛋)

第一个句子专业术语是限制性定语从句,第二个句子专业术语叫非限制性定语从句

判断的重要依据就是:有没有先行词和关系词之间有没有逗号

注意:that是不能引导非限制性定语从句的!

值得一提的是!which这位老大哥,在引导非限制性定语从句时,可以代指前面整个句子的意思。

He had failed in the math exam, which made his father very angry. 

 下面我们一起来看看经典例题:

Which sentence is grammatically correct?

A. My mother took us bowling ,who can take a very long time.

B. My friend bought a cat ,whose is my favorite pet.

C. We went yesterday to a park whom is located near our house.

D. There is a sign on our street that tells drivers to drive slowly.

正确答案:D

解析:首先我们扫一眼几个选项,有没有看见我们的老朋友(who、whose、whom、that),那么此刻,我们心里就有数了,这个考官想要用关系代词(Relative pronouns)为难我们,幸好,大家早有准备,我们一个个选项来破解。选项A,很明显是妈妈带我们去打保龄球这个事情,花了很长时间,who应该改为which; 选项B,whose到底能不能单独充当句子成分,非人以外的都是指物,whose应该改为which; 选项C,park是指物,从句中缺主语,whom可以改为which或者that;选项D, sign是指物,that可以指物并且在从句中充当主语,为正确选项。

通过今天的学习,大家是不是整个关系代词的考点有了更加清晰的了解呢?好了,今天就先讲解到这里,下次Chloe老师再带大家一起卷起来~

MAP测试|语言运用高频考点: 关系代词(2)
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