MAP测试|语言运用高频考点: 关系代词(Relative pronouns)

盼望着、盼望着,童鞋们想着终于可以吹着空调、吃着西瓜、望着窗外发呆,迎接暑假的到来,不!你不想!赶紧和我们的教研团队老师一起学习MAP语言运用的相关知识点吧!拒绝摆烂,争当夏季”卷王”第一名!

好的,话不多说,直接进入咱们今天的正题—关系代词(Relative pronouns),有的同学可能会问,什么是关系代词,咱们先看这句话,听Chloe老师慢慢道来。

MAP语言运用

测试概况

年级:K-12年级
时间:约60分钟

题目:约52题

题型:选择题、填空题、匹配题等

测试内容

  • Mechanics:Punctuation usage.

    语言结构:标点符号的使用。

  • Grammar:comprehension of word forms and tenses, sentence structures, phrases and clauses, and accurate spelling.

    语法:理解单词的形式和时态,句子结构,短语和从句以及准确的拼写。

  • Writing strategy:prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing.

    写作策略:预写,起草,修改和编辑。

  • The writing application:Understand various composition forms,such as poetry, personal narratives, and expository compositions.

    写作应用:了解各类文体形式,例如诗歌,个人叙事和说明文。

I love Running Man that is a famous program in Korea.

句中标红色的词(一般为名词或者代词)叫先行词(antecedent)

句中标绿色的词(常考为that  which  who  whom  whose)叫关系代词(Relative pronouns),这就是咱们今天学习的重点啦,敲黑板!

请大家牢牢记住下面这句话!

关系代词代表先行词的意思,并且在从句中充当成分

不要慌张,下面老师会通过几个简单例句,帮助大家理解这五大关系代词的用法。

 第一组:who和 whom 

 

Baymax is a friend (who/whom) you can share almost everything with.

先行词who或者whom指人,在从句中充当宾语(可省略)

Wang Jianlin is a man who likes to set small goals.

先行词who指人,在从句中充当主语

归纳总结:

– whom指人,在从句中充当宾语(可省略)

– who指人, 在从句中充当主语或者宾语(可省略)

第二组:whose

 

This cartoon whose name is Naruto has drawn many people’s attention.

先行词whose指物,在从句中充当主语(和名词name 一起构成主语)

Tom whose leg was badly hurt was quickly taken to hospital.

先行词whose指人,在从句中充当主语(和名词leg 一起构成主语)

 

归纳总结:

whose指人或指物,在从句中充当主语(一定要和另一个名词一起构成)

 下面我们一起来看看经典例题:

 

Read the sentence.

They were well trained by their masters _________ had great experience with caring for these animals.

Which word correctly completes the sentence?

A who   B whom  C whose   D which

正确答案:A

解析:首先我们找到句子的先行词为masters 指人,首先排除D;下一步分析,我们可以得出,从句中缺少主语,只有A选项符合题意,whom只能充当宾语,whose一定要和另一个名词一起构成句子的成分。

好啦,今天暂时先学习who whom whose这三个关系代词的用法,大家搬好小板凳,坐等下次我们的Chloe老师更新关系代词that和which的用法~

MAP测试|语言运用高频考点: 关系代词(Relative pronouns)
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